First organization of black workers is established in New York City,
called The American League of Colored Laborers.
National Labor Union becomes first organization of white workers to
advocate creation of black labor unions.
The Colored National Labor Union is formed.
First federal bureau to attempt to ease labor-related racial tensions
caused by blacks leaving the South is established.
The Fair Employment Practice Commission is established, which is the
first federal agency to provide fair employment practices.
In New York, the Ives-Quinn Act is passed. It was the first state
legislation prohibiting discrimination in employment on the basis of
race, creed or color.
Executive Order 9981.
Supreme Court rules on Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
case, which stated segregation in public schools was unconstitutional.
Civil Rights Pioneer Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat to a white
passenger; Montgomery Bus Boycott ensues.
Martin Luther King and other African American leaders establish the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
Nearly 200,000 people join the March on Washington, where Martin Luther
King delivers his infamous, "I Have a Dream" speech.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is passed, making it the first federal
fair employment legislation.
Voting Rights Act of 1965 is passed by Congress, which allows all
colors and creeds to vote.