9 Health Topic
9Health Topic of the Month for December 2013:
Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes
Twenty million Americans live with diabetes. That is 6% of the population. It's a relatively common metabolic disorder that affects the way the body uses food for energy and growth. The food we consume is converted into glucose, or simple sugar, which enters the blood stream as a source of fuel. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps regulate the level of glucose in the blood and how glucose is used. People with diabetes, however, experience insulin failure resulting in elevated levels of blood sugar. The way insulin fails is how diabetes is classified. There are three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes is the most common, making up 90 to 95% of new cases of diabetes. According to Medical News Today, the majority of people with Type 2 have developed the condition because they are overweight. Carrying extra weight and body fat puts added pressure on the body's ability to properly control blood sugar using insulin, therefore making it much easier to develop diabetes. With the obesity rate on the rise in children, it isn't surprising that there is an increase in the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes among children and adolescents. With September being National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month, it is a great time to learn more about how being overweight can affect your child's overall health. Below you will find links to important information about obesity and Type 2 Diabetes.